For other people named Bob Riley, see Bob Riley (disambiguation).
Robert Renfroe Riley (born October 3, 1944) is an American politician and a member of the Republican Party who served as the 52nd Governor of Alabama from 2003 to 2011.
Early life, education and early career
Riley was born in Ashland, Alabama, a small town in Clay County where his family ranched and farmed for six generations. Riley attended the University of Alabama, where he was a brother of Phi Kappa Sigma Fraternity and graduated with a degree in business administration.
U.S. House of Representatives
Riley was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1996, defeating his Democratic opponent, State Senator T.D. "Ted" Little (Auburn, Ala.) and LibertarianJohn Sophocleus. It was his first run for elected office. He won by just over 6,000 votes to become only the second Republican to represent this district since Reconstruction. The first was Glenn Andrews, who held it from 1965 to 1967, when it was numbered as the 4th District.
Riley was reelected in 1998 with somewhat less difficulty, taking 58 percent of the vote over Democrat Joe Turnham. In 2000, he only faced a Libertarian candidate.
Governor of Alabama
Main article: Alabama gubernatorial election, 2002
Riley did not run for re-election to the House in November 2002 (as a supporter of term limits, he imposed a three-term limit on himself), instead running for Governor of Alabama and defeating the Democratic incumbent by approximately 3,000 votes - the narrowest margin in the state's history for a gubernatorial race. The result was controversial, as the initial election night count showed a 2,000-plus vote victory for Riley's opponent, Don Siegelman.
On May 10, 2005, Riley's approval ratings were 36% approving and 52% disapproving of his job as governor. By September 20, 2005, Riley’s approval ratings had increased substantially to 58 percent approving and 38% disapproving. Analysis of this increase seems to indicate that it may be attributed to the public’s perception of Riley’s response to Hurricane Katrina. By February 14, 2006, Riley's approval ratings had slightly decreased, with 52% approving and 43% disapproving of his job as governor. By August 2006, his approval rating was at 62% with a disapproval rating of 35%.
In 2003, Alabama state politics gained national attention when the chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, Roy Moore, refused to remove a monument of the Ten Commandments from the rotunda of the court building. Riley reportedly supported Moore, but ultimately did not play a large role in the dispute. Riley stated there was nothing he could do to prevent Moore from being removed from office by a judicial ethics panel. Moore challenged Riley in the June 6, 2006 GOP primary.
Property tax appraisals became a major campaign issue with Riley's opponents claiming that Riley, acting through his revenue commissioner, ordered that property tax appraisals be made annually, rather than the quadrennial reappraisals that were established practice. Because property values tend to increase over time, making appraisals more frequent has the indirect effect of increasing the taxes paid by property owners. Riley's opponents claimed that by doing so, he raised taxes without a vote of either the Legislature or the people. Riley claims he is merely following the language of the law, and the advice of his attorneys.
In the first year of his administration, Riley proposed "Amendment One", which would have made swift changes to the state's tax system. The plan essentially consisted of income tax breaks for lower brackets, offset by various tax hikes on consumption, property and income from higher brackets. Part of the problem that this plan sought to address was the strong dependence the Alabama tax system placed upon sales tax, which makes the state budget dependent upon the economy in the state. The plan was estimated to yield an overall state revenue increase of $1.2 billion per year. The plan also included accountability reforms, including changes to teacher tenure policies, accountability for school systems, and bans on pass-through pork. This plan also included provisions for a scholarship program for Alabama students to attend college and funding of other education initiatives.
Support as well as opposition for this plan came from traditionally opposing forces in Alabama, crossing party lines. This included support from pro-business organizations, including the Business Council of Alabama and many Chambers of Commerce, as well as prominent education organizations, including the Alabama Education Association. Other progressively-minded non-profit groups supported this plan, including many organizations that had sought changes in the Alabama tax system for many years. These organizations saw this as an opportunity for Alabama to invest in the future of the state through investments in education and governmental reforms. Riley also presented this plan using Christian terms, building upon language already present in the state to argue that the Alabama tax system placed the heaviest burden upon the poorest citizens of the state. Opponents to the plan included the Alabama chapter of the Christian Coalition (splitting with the national Christian Coalition who endorsed the plan), and the Alabama Farmers Federation (ALFA). A number of the people who opposed this plan, included both organizations mentioned, had strongly supported Riley for governor in 2002. These opponents based a campaign upon a criticism of the state legislature and used the complexity of the plans to claim that taxes would go up on people in the state. While proponents had pointed to studies of the plan showing the majority of Alabamians seeing a lower overall tax burden, polls indicated that most citizens - likely influenced by the proposed property tax increase - believed their personal taxes would be higher under the plan.
Amendment One was rejected by voters on September 9, 2003, with 68 percent opposed. While Riley's Amendment One was soundly rejected by Alabama voters, it did gain him national recognition. For his leadership in addressing the state’s fiscal crisis, Governor Riley was named the “Public Official of the Year” by Governing magazine in 2003, and Time magazine hailed him for being one of the nation’s “most courageous politicians.”
The overwhelming rejection of this plan forced Riley to mend fences within his own base and seek to do some reforms without the broad tax increases that Amendment One sought. Some parts of the proposal have been enacted, such as efforts to raise the minimum tax threshold in Alabama.
Riley has claimed credit for helping to spur economic development in Alabama. Riley points to the opening of an aeronautics engineering facility in Mobile by EADS, the parent company of Airbus, which may ripen into an aircraft assembly plant if EADS secures future contracts. Riley's critics have pointed out that Riley has failed to emulate the success of predecessors, such as Siegelman – during whose administration the Hyundai plant was successfully recruited – and Jim Folsom, Jr., in securing automotive manufacturing plants. Specifically, when Kia announced in March 2006 it would build a maunfucturing plant in Georgia, Riley was criticized by Siegelman, for Alabama's failure to mount a serious bid for the plant.
Under Riley's administration, unemployment in Alabama fell from 5.3% in January, 2003 when Riley took office to 3.3% in March, 2006. This rate was the lowest ever recorded since statistics began being tracked in 1976 and was among the nations lowest.
In 2005, Governor Riley was criticized by some Mobile County residents after issuing that area of the state a "mandatory" evacuation order in advance of Hurricane Dennis' landfall. Residents felt the issue was better addressed during Hurricane Katrina using a layered approach with sections of the county evacuated instead of the entire county.
On August 28, 2005, Governor Riley declared a state of emergency for the approaching Hurricane Katrina. On the same day, he requested president George W. Bush to declare "expedited major disaster declaration" for six counties of south Alabama, which was approved by the evening of August 29. 350 national guardsmen were called on duty as of August 30.
- Aruba local government
On November 9, 2005 Riley called for a citizens' boycott of Aruba, alleging that the local government was engaged in a cover-up of the disappearance of Alabama native Natalee Holloway.
In November 2005, Riley was linked to the Jack Abramoff scandal when his former Congressional press secretary, Michael Scanlon, pleaded guilty to conspiracy in the matter. It further emerged that, as a Congressman, Riley signed a letter on behalf of the U.S. Family Network, opposing expansion of casino gambling in Alabama. The U.S. Family Network was revealed to be an Abramoff front, funded by the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, which operated competing casinos. Riley has denied knowing the source of this funding.
Main article: Alabama gubernatorial election, 2006
Riley defeated Democrat Lieutenant Governor Lucy Baxley easily as his approval ratings made a comeback.
|Republican||Bob Riley (Incumbent)||717,287||58.03||+8.83|
In April 2007, the unemployment rate once again reached 3.3%. However, recent labor statistics provided by the Alabama Department of Industrial Relations indicate that under Governor Riley, Alabama's unemployment nearly tripled to a seasonally adjusted rate of 8.4% in February 2009. The rates for seasonally adjusted and unadjusted range from 7.8–8.9 percent for January and February 2009.
Under Governor Riley, Alabama's unemployment has continued to climb, and Alabama Department of Industrial Relations Director Tom Surtees issued a press release dated June 19, 2009, which indicated that Alabama’s unemployment rate for May rose to 9.8%, an increase from April’s rate of 9.0%, and is Alabama's highest unemployment rate in 25 years.
Critics have claimed that recent developments are a consequence of national economic recovery and pointed to the loss of thousands of Alabama's historic textile jobs under Riley. Nevertheless, the state under Riley's administration was recognized as "State of the Year" by Southern Business and Development magazine four years in a row and received other awards for competitiveness, job creation and economic development.
Among other honors, Worldwide Interactive Network named the Alabama Office of Workforce Development the No. 1 U.S. employee development agency and Expansion Management magazine has ranked Alabama Industrial Development Training No. 1 among workforce training programs. Riley's Alabama Bureau of Tourism & Travel received the National Council of State Tourism Directors' annual Mercury Award recognizing its "Year of Alabama Food" as the nation's top tourism campaign.
In May 2007, Riley announced that ThyssenKrupp would build a $4.2 billion state-of-the-art steel mill north of Mobile, Alabama, the largest economic announcement in Alabama's history, and largest corporate project in U.S. history. The mill, now in operation, employs 2,700 workers
As part of his plan to provide open government, Riley has posted on the Governor's website the monthly expenditures from the Governor's Contingency Fund and the quarterly flight logs from all state airplanes.
As governor, Riley oversaw 15 executions in Alabama, more than any of his predecessors since 1983 (see Capital punishment in Alabama).
An editorial by the Washington Times and separate piece in the paper on August 13, 2009, in what was deemed to be an open endorsement of Bob Riley as a potential 2012 presidential candidate instantly threw the governor's name into the political field of possible nominees as state and national media jumped on the story. Governor Riley during an interview the same day denied he was considering a future presidential run. On February 2, 2011 both the Birmingham News and the Decatur Daily also ran stories speculating that Riley was considering running for president. In the end, Riley did not run.
Riley is married to the former Patsy Adams, also from Clay County. The Rileys have four children, Rob, Jenice, Minda and Krisalyn. Jenice, the Rileys' first daughter and the campaign's fundraiser, died in August 2001. The Rileys have three granddaughters and three grandsons. He is an alumni brother of Phi Kappa Sigma.
On June 26, 2011, Riley was on a cross-country trip on his Harley-Davidson motorcycle when he crashed on the Dalton Highway in Alaska and sustained serious injuries.
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- ^"Ala. Governor Calls for Aruba Boycott Over Holloway Case". FoxNews, AP. 2005-11-08. Retrieved 2006-10-08.
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- ^Smith, R. Jeffrey (2005-12-31). "The DeLay-Abramoff Money Trail". Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-10-08.
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Cllr Anne Hetherington (Chair): I have been associated with Stanhope Primary School since 1977 and joined the Governing Body shortly after that firstly as a Parent Governor, and then as a co-opted member and now LEA Governor.
I am passionate about Stanhope and will continue to strive with my colleagues and the staff to make sure all our children reach their full potential and feel safe and happy during their time with us.
Harriet Judd (Vice Chair): I have been a Parent Governor since 2015, when my daughter was in year 3, she is now in Year 6. I work as a Network Performance Coordinator at Northumbrian Water and have worked there for 18 years in many different roles. I bring lots of experience in data analysis, people management, asset management, budget control, health & safety and workplace mediation.
I had no previous experience as a governor but I am enjoying the challenge of development and learning from the training courses that have been provided by the council and school. These courses have enabled me to understand what is expected of a governor and how a school should adhere to policies and run effectively. I feel that as a governor I can cast an independent eye over the workings of the school for example, through my link visits and I can bring additional challenge to decisions made within the governors meetings.
I am very proud to be a governor here and just like every parent at Stanhope Primary School, I want the very best for my child hence I can always bring a parents perspective to every meeting. I feel it is important that every child at Stanhope is happy, safe, confident and strive to become the very best they can be. As parents we need to support the school in its journey to become outstanding but when necessary we should also put the school under tough challenge. I am not afraid to ask difficult questions and I am able to speak out and up for what is most important.
I’m always happy to have a chat so if you see me around and want to ask me anything, feel free (alternatively you can contact me via the school office).
John Hetherington (Chair of Resources Committee): I attended Stanhope Primary school as did my daughter so have a great affinity and passion for the school. I joined the board of Governors in 2014 and I am proud to have been elected as chair of Resources.
I work closely with the Head Teacher and my Governor colleagues to make sure that the finances are well managed for the benefit of the children.
Jane Thompson (Safeguarding and Attendance Officer):I have worked at Stanhope Primary School since 2003. I came to Stanhope to do a short amount of cover as a Nursery Nurse and have been here ever since! I worked in the nursery for 4 years and throughly enjoyed my role as a Nursery Nurse. I have carried out my current role as Safeguarding and Attendance Officer since 2007.
I am passionate about our school, not only in my role, but also as a school Governor. I want each and every child to reach their full potential, feel confident and be happy in their school environment.
Gayle Boardman (Staff Governor): I first joined Stanhope as a class teacher in Year 5 back in 2004 and over the years I have taught in both Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2. My attraction to being a staff governor stemmed from having a vested interest in the future of Stanhope due to being part of the ‘Stanhope family’ for many years.
In my role as a governor I feel involved in our vision moving forward and have enjoyed being a part of school improvement decisions.
I love the school, staff, our children and I am passionate about providing them with a happy, safe and enriching environment where they can be inspired to learn and encouraged to reach their full potential.
Abbi Adair (Safeguarding Link Governor): I have been a co-opted Governor since the summer of 2016. I work as the MSET (Missing, Sexually Exploited and Trafficked) Co-ordinator for a North East children’s services, and have worked there for 15 years in a number of different social work roles. I bring lots of experience in child safeguarding, people management, conflict management, multi-agency working and prioritising the needs of vulnerable children. I am the safeguarding link governor and have worked with the school to ensure policies are up to date with the latest guidance, and provide updates to governors at termly meetings.
The school and council have provided me with the opportunity to attend a wide range of training courses which have enabled me to understand what is expected of me in my role as governor, and what policies the school must adhere to, to run effectively. I am proud to be a governor of Stanhope Primary School, and want to strive to ensure every child who attends is safe, happy, and enabled to develop their full potential. In order to do this, I feel it is essential to support the school in its journey to become outstanding. I encourage and welcome anyone who would like to ask me anything, to contact me via the school office.
Douglas Mather (Co-opted Governor): I volunteer as the Secretary of the Durham light Infantry Association (South Shields Branch), this entails the day to day administrators and record keeping of the branch.
I am also on the executive committee of the D.L.I. Association which meets in Durham City. This committee runs the D.L.I. Association throughout the North East of England.
I also volunteer as a member of the Scrutiny Panel of South Tyneside Homes. The Panel scrutinise the services that South Tyneside Homes provide to the tenants of South Tyneside Council.
As the Secretary of ‘The Friends of the West Park, South Shields’, I maintain the minutes of all meetings also the financial records and the daily running of this group of volunteers.