Almost 23 percent of adolescent girls registered as Syrian refugees in Lebanon were married before they turned 18. With the help of UNFPA and aid organization INTERSOS, some young Syrian refugees are spreading the word about the dangers of marrying too young.
Three years ago, Raneem Abras escaped the conflict raging in her hometown of Aleppo in Syria and moved with her family to the Chouf Mountains in Lebanon. A neighbor told Raneem, who is the eldest of five, about a youth program that trains boys and girls to reach out to their fellow young people and raise awareness about reproductive health and gender-based violence. She was curious to find out more and has been going regularly ever since.
“After every session I attend, I wish I could go around educating everyone I know,” says Raneem, 16, sitting under a tree outside a community center run by the Italian humanitarian organization INTERSOS. “These long discussions about marriage and having babies were particularly useful.”
Raneem’s mother, Um Abdo, nods her head in approval. “I am so glad Raneem heard these things,” she says. “I had told her many times before that I would never allow her to get married young.”
Of the nearly 5 million people who have fled Syria because of the conflict, more than 1 million are registered as refugees in Lebanon, according to the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR). They live in more than 1,700 communities and locations across the country, often sharing small basic lodgings with other refugee families in overcrowded conditions. Working within host communities, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) helps local groups respond to the sexual and reproductive health needs of refugees, while also educating them against and protecting them from gender-based violence.
The organization also jointly runs programs with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Lebanon to help empower young people through activities that build their awareness on issues essential to their well-being, including risks of early marriage, sexual reproductive health and gender equality. Since last year, UNFPA and INTERSOS have been using peer-to-peer techniques to spread information about health and gender-based violence. Their training centers teach boys and girls how to take what they have learned and, using a life-skills approach, share it with their friends.
Three groups of young men and women around Mount Lebanon are already actively engaging with boys and girls in their community, using safe spaces set up by UNFPA and INTERSOS for them to meet and share life skills and health knowledge. To date, the group of youth peers like Raneem has reached out to more than 1,300 young men and women in Mount Lebanon.
Raneem’s mother talks about how she herself had been formally engaged at age 12 to her 18-year-old cousin back in Syria. The child in her fought her parents’ wish to see her married, and she was able to break off the engagement and wait until she met her current husband a few years later. “Several people have approached me to ask about [marrying] Raneem, but my husband and I told them off,” Um Abdo says, with a laugh. “You should see Raneem explaining to them the consequences of early marriage on a woman’s health. I am so happy listening to her.”
Out of the nearly 70,000 adolescent girls registered as Syrian refugees in Lebanon, 23 percent of them married before 18 years of age. Advocates and groups working to cut the prevalence of child marriage say the involvement of parents, older family members, boys and men in the family is crucial to effectively changing social practices, particularly on early marriage, early pregnancy and gender-based violence.
“I will only accept that Raneem gets married when I am sure that she is mature enough for such a responsibility,” says Um Abdo. “But for now, I still see her as a child.”
Raneem’s father, Abo Abdo, agrees. “I would not even allow my sons to get married young,” he says. “Marriage means responsibilities and being up to the task. How can I expect children to act as grown-ups when they are not yet ready for it?”
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Child Marriage Essay Introduction Causes Impact Solution Slogan Speech Quotes
Child Marriage Essay
Child marriage is one of the biggest human rights violations in the world. In most of the countries the minimum legal age for the child marriage is 18 years. However some countries allow marriages at 16 years as well, especially for the girl children. Getting married before reaching at this minimum legal age is not only illegal but also against the human rights. In Asian countries, especially in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have witnessed most numbers of child marriages in a year. Central African countries can also be considered as the major contributor of child marriage in the world.
The rate of occurrence of child marriages in Asian countries is 20% more than that of the rest of the world. In Asian countries the average age of the children who are forced to get married is 10-12 and sometimes less than that. Though a bunch of laws against child marriage are there in the nation, still most of the cases are left unnoticed by the authority. Mostly girls become the major victims of child marriage as people don’t wish to educate them or give them a better future. Boys become victims too but not as much as girls do in India and other Asian countries.
Reasons behind child marriage
- Poverty: Most of the child marriage happens in rural or backward areas of the country. The main reason for this is poverty for sure. Parents who have girl child but don’t earn much to give them a better life often choose early marriage of their children. In case of poverty girls suffer the most as they are forced to get married at the age of 10 or less. For the boys the marriage does not take place but poverty triggers child labour.
- Gender inequality: Another main reason behind such activity is gender inequality. Even today in this modern era there are lots of places where people consider boy child as good luck whereas girl child is not. They don’t get proper education and proper amenities to lead a good life, rather they are being forced to child marriage.
- Tradition and Culture: Some of the communities follow old traditional based on some old religious beliefs. They neither change them nor do they want to change the cruel traditional and cultural beliefs. Due to these beliefs child marriages take place in several communities.
- Education: Lack of education can be considered as another big reason behind child marriage. People who are uneducated and don’t have any idea about the post-marriage complication a toddler can face often opt for child marriage for whatever reason. Lack of education also triggers these mentioned beliefs to be true for many people.
- Insecurity: the growing rate of women harassment and rape cases people get insecure about their daughter’s future. Before she walks into her adulthood, parents get them married with an elderly person believing that their daughter will be in safe hands for the rest of the life.
Countries and Child Marriage:
|Sl. No.||Country Name||Percentage of girls married before 18 years|
|4||Central African Republic||68|
Impact on society
Every year nearly 15 million children, who are aged between 10 to 12, get married worldwide. This means every 2 seconds a child gets married. The impact on the society and next generation is definitely not as good as some of the people think. The growing rate of child marriage leads to so many problems and issues in our society.
- Early age pregnancy: Girls, who have just walked into adolescence age and don’t know anything about sexual life, are forced to get into physical relationship after marriage. They suffer from early age pregnancy which brings several medical and health problems. Most of the time, this becomes life threatening for the victim.
- Domestic violence: those who get married at early age have to face violence after marriage. Being an innocent kid, she has to deal with complicated life after marriage which are way to difficult for a toddler to handle. Often this triggers the in-laws and husband to torture the girl even when she isn’t responsible for anything.
- Illiteracy: this definitely stops the family to educate their girls further. At the age of 10 or 12 they stop studying. Some of the communities believe that girls are made for the kitchen not for the school. This beliefs increase the illiteracy rates in the country.
Solution to the problem
There are a bunch of laws against the child marriage in every country in the world. But unfortunately the rate of child marriage is growing rapidly across the globe because many of the cases are left unnoticed by the authorities. In remote rural areas of Southern Asian countries, there is no one to look after whether this kind of activities are talking place or not.
- Awareness: it is important to spread awareness about the issue in grass root level of rural and remote rural areas to get rid of this child marriage.
- Education: educate more people about the facts and issues regarding post-marriage problems and complications. Let the girls go to school for basic education to understand things and take their own decision in life.
- Strict Law: Laws are there but they must be stricter and more powerful so that no one can escape from the law. The criminals must be punished in a proper way to prevent child marriage from the society.
- Proper Attention: authorities are requested to pay more attention to this fact. They should supervise this activity more properly and punish the criminals then and there to prevent the crowing rate of child marriages worldwide.
Child marriage is a serious issue in the society. Not only in under developed countries but developing countries also have cases of child marriages. The authorities should be more cautious about the laws and prevent this activity as soon as possible.
Speech On Child Marriage
We are in the 21st century when the entire world is developing with each passing second. But unfortunately every light has a darker side. Our society has a dark side too. Child marriage is one such effect of the darker side of the society.
We learn, we go to schools, we opt for higher studies, but there are still some kids exist who don’t even know what school means, what learning is. They grow up learning that they are girls and girls are made for kitchen. They started believing that they are created to get married. It is sad but true.
In every developing country the minimum age for getting married of a girl is 18 years. But unfortunately 60% of the marriages take place in these countries before the brides reach even 16 years. Having a lot of strict laws the rate gets increased day by day. The Reason behind this child marriage is either poverty or mostly gender inequality. In Asian countries still people believe that having a girl child is a curse. They should not be sent to school or they are not allowed to have a better life, rather they must be get married soon.
Due to early age marriages girls suffer from unexpected and early age pregnancy which is dangerous for a young girl. Carrying a baby at the age of 15-16 is definitely not a medically good thing. They face a lot of problems during their pregnancy and also some of them end up having complicated diseases and some just die during delivery the baby.
To prevent such crimes there must be laws and more awareness in the society. Government should take many more steps to encourage the girl education in grass root level, especially in rural and remote areas.
Quotes Slogan On Child Marriage Essay
Educate your girl child like you do for your son. They are not brides. This will help the society to grow more and bring down the rate of child marriage.
Don’t allow your babies to carry their babies. Let them bloom completely before throwing them to the harsh life.
Children are meant to play, enjoy the life not for dealing with dark side of the life.
Make your daughter so powerful and educated that she can take her own decision in life. They have equal right to take the decision of the life they are heading towards.
Most of the people don’t know that every single day on an average 25000 child marriages occur and nearly 10, 000 young girls die every day while delivering babies. This is disturbing; we should prevent this as soon as possible.
Progress is possible if we take the initiatives. For this awareness and education is must. We need to educate ourselves first to make the change and prevent the child marriages.
Girls can make better future if they are properly guided. Don’t spoil a bright future just because you are over powered by old traditional beliefs.