MY FAVOURITE NATIONAL HERO
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Give me your blood. I shall give you freedom. No modern national leader would make such an offer. They just beg your votes and promise to give you some material gains. They can purchase your votes. But Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was the person who demanded the ultimate sacrifice of the people. He did not make any personal promises. His only aim was the freedom of the Motherland. He did not let people believe that there are any short cuts to independence. He did not offer any soft padding war. No personal or individual benefits. It was a national cause and the nation would secure the advantages as a whole. I love and rever this great soul for this basic frankness, and the lesson of renunciation he taught to the people.
Born on 23 rd January, 1897 at Cuttack in Orissa Subhash graduated in 1915 from Presidency College, Calcutta. He accepted the challenge of his father, went to England, did graduation from Cambridge University and secured fourth position in the I.C.S Examination. But he refused to serve the British Government. He returned to India in1920 and associated himself with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. He was an active participant in the freedom movement. It was his first experience of Jail.
In 1923 he became Chief Executive officer of Calcutta Corporation when Deshbandhu became Mayor. From October 25, 1924 to May 16, 1927 he was again behind the bars. After being elected twice as the Mayor of Calcutta Subhash met Gandhi in1928. He was not satisfied with his non violent methods. In 1930 he was again arrested on 26th of January and was released in 1931 after Gandhi Irwin Pact. He was again arrested Long imprisonments and having been brutally beaten by police he was seriously ill. He suffered from Tuberculosis and was sent to Vienna for treatment on March 8, 1933. During this stay in Europe he met De Valera of Ireland, King Amanulla Khan, Mussolini in Italy and many others.
Returning to Calcutta in 1938 this young man became the 51st President of Indian National Congress. But he didn’t see Gandhi eye to eye. Next year he was elected again defeating Pattabbi Sitaramayya Gandhi considered it his own defeat. He left the party and formed Forward Bloc. On July2, 1940 he was again imprisoned. After his release he was under house arrest.
For here starts the historic journey. On January 15, 1941 he ran away from his house as a Maulvi. Dressed as a Pathan he passed through Afghanistan as Ziyauddin and reached Moscow on 27th March. When Stalin refused him help he reached Berlin on 28th March, 1941. He formed Azad Hind Fauj in Germany with the help of Hitler. On 20th June 1943 he was in Japan. Bose became the President of the Azad Hind Government and the Commander of the army. His headquarter, now, was Andaman and Nicobar Island. The army consisted of 50,000 soldiers and 1,500 officers. It was stationed at Singapore. Later on Rangoon became the headquarter. On 18th March 1944 the army reached Kohima in Assam. But August 1945 saw Hiroshima and Nagasaki attacked with atom bombs. Japan surrendered. Azad Hind Army too had to surrender. But nothing is known of this great son of the Motherland. Some believe that he died in an air crash. Others believe him still alive. Whatever the truth may be. But he lives honorable in the hearts of millions and millions of people I India even today.
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Jose Rizal, our national hero was one of the Filipinos who asked for reformsduring the Spanish era. This was one of his best contributions in building our nation. These reforms will grant the ultimate dream of the reformists; assimilation. Filipinoswill be given the rights that they deserve. Rizal choose to seek for reforms than tostart a revolution because he knew that Philippines was not yet ready to stand onits own (during his time). Rizal used his liberal ideas in asking for reforms 5. Although Rizal hadrevolutionary ideas, he was not for armed revolution per se. He was more for thegradual and peaceful one. One that is catalyzed by the education of the Filipinopeople.
He reasoned out that when subject people are educated, intelligent, and havebecome aware of their human rights, they would have self-determination and they would strive to be free from their mother country. When this revolution happens,drastic changes will occur in the political, economical, social, religious, andintelligence sphere of a society paving the way for its independence someday.
Rizal reasoned out that when subject people are educated, intelligent, andhave become aware of their human rights, they would have self-determination andthey would strive to be free from their mother country. When this revolutionhappens, drastic changes will occur in the political, economical, social, religious,and intelligence sphere of a society paving the way for its independence someday.Even though Rizal did not actually support the revolution, we can say that healso contributed in this revolution. His works and writings were the corner stone of the revolution and he was indeed an inspiration for the Katipuneros during thosetimes. Rizal’s life was devoted to his country (Philippines).
1.Rizal shows his concern for a world community. This new order consists of nations which reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women . the nations would establish conditions of justice, social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom . the people would practice tolerance , live together in peace and maintain good relations among themselves 2.
3 “To the Filipino Youth” does carry a very strong one; strong enough to persuade those who are to be persuaded-the Filipino youth themselves. As one of those individuals, I could really feel the nationalistic spirit within me glow brighter the moment I finished reading the poem. It was like telling me that I am one of the existing hopes of our dear country and that through my abilities, expertise and knowledge of things, I am capable of protecting its freedom against oppressive forces that may come through.
Furthermore, it was like telling me that together with my fellow youths, I am responsible for preserving the Philippines as a nation not for the foreigners but for me and the rest of the Filipinos. Finally yet most importantly, as to the sincerity of the poem, I can really consider “To the Filipino Youth” as indeed a work from the heart-no pretense, no plasticity and no sort of hidden motives. I can tell it so based on what I felt when I was reading the poem and the emotions that were expressed on each of the poem’s line. The fact that it came out during the Spanish era was also another thing that made me think that way.
1. If you don’t have a good EDUCATION system, your MOTHERLAND is lacking in luster. the KEY is that RIZAL isn’t praising the Filipino education system … he’s describing an ideal system and IS VERY CAREFUL NOT TO SUGGEST that it’s the one he came out of.
2. The first step carrying out his education philosophy is depends on mother. Rizal appealed to all mothers to do their best in educating their children. Love for honor, sincere and firm character, clear mind , clean conduct, noble action, love for one’s fellowmen, respect for God. The country should not expect honor and prosperity so long as the education of the child is defective.